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75/25% Ratio

Nonprofit agencies (NPAs) must employ people who are blind or significantly disabled for at least 75 percent of their overall direct labor hours (ODLH) during the fiscal year. (U.S. AbilityOne Commission Policy 51.401),_regulations_and_policy/documents/Commission%20Policy%2051.401%20Effective%2015Aug2020.pdf


Section 8(a) of the Small Business Act that established the Minority Business Enterprise Program.


Office of Management and Budget Circular on government outsourcing.


Affirmative Action Plan

AbilityOne Distributor

Companies (also called dealers) that have been formally authorized by the U.S. AbilityOne Commission® to buy and resell AbilityOne products in accordance with Commission Policy.

AbilityOne Program

The program authorized by the Javits-Wagner-O’Day Act to increase employment and training opportunities for persons who are blind or have other severe disabilities through Government purchasing of commodities and services from nonprofit agencies employing these persons. (41 CFR 51-1.3)

AbilityOne Program Fee

Formerly known as the Central Nonprofit Agency (CNA) Fee. AbilityOne Program funding fee that is the primary source of funding for CNAs (National Industries for the Blind [NIB] and SourceAmerica). Set by the AbilityOne Commission to apply to Procurement List additions, annual price changes for products, base year renewals for services, and bilateral contract modifications that result in a price change submission to the Commission.


American Council of the Blind


American Congress of Community Supports and Employment Services


Administrative Contracting Officer


Legislation passed by Congress


Americans with Disabilities Act: Prohibits discrimination against people with disabilities in several areas, including employment, transportation, public accommodations, communications and access to state and local government programs and services.


Annual Estimated Quantity


American Foundation for the Blind

Affirmative Action Policy

Employers who do more than $10,000 in federal contracts in one year must establish a nondiscrimination policy. The $10,000 applies to the aggregate value of all federal contract work performed in a year—not the value of any one contract. Covered employers are prohibited from discriminating in employment decisions on the basis of race, color, religion, sex, sexual orientation, gender identity, or national origin.

Affirmative Action Written Program

Written affirmative action programs specify the proactive policies and procedures to be used, assign management responsibility for implementation, and are reviewed and updated annually.


Air Force Materiel Command


Air Logistics Command


Distribution of orders by the Central Nonprofit Agency (CNA) for items on the Procurement List among multiple nonprofit agencies (NPAs) that have been designated by the Commission to fulfill that particular product or service requirement.
Allocation of a product or service occurs when the product or service is placed on the Procurement List as determined by the Commission. (U.S. AbilityOne Commission
Policy 51.301)


Army Materiel Command or Air Mobility Command

Annual Reporting (Representations and Certifications)

Each nonprofit agency must submit to its Central Nonprofit Agency, by November 1 of each year, two completed copies of the appropriate Annual Certification (Representations and Certifications), covering the fiscal year ending the preceding September 30.


Administrative Procedures Act

Applicant and Employee Self-Identification Invitations to "protected veterans" and individuals with disabilities.

Coverage for these provisions stem from the requirements of the Hiring Benchmarks for Veterans or the Workforce Utilization Goal for Workers with Disabilities. Covered contractors must establish a program that invites both workers with disabilities and protected veterans who are either applicants for a job or employees of the firm to self-identify their respective statuses. This requirement includes reminders to employees that they may update such statuses.


U.S. House of Representatives and Senate Treasury Appropriations Subcommittees that determine the funding for the U.S. AbilityOne Commission.


Assignment Roster

At Risk Agency

An NPA that has a direct labor ratio below 75 percent or one that is out of compliance for a single reason.

Authorization Violation

Action (or lack of required action) by an AbilityOne authorized distributor which the Commission determines does not conform to the requirements of this Policy (51.540), including its Appendices and its Procedure (51.540-01). Authorization violations may include, but are not limited to, the marketing/sale of a commercial product in lieu of the appropriate AbilityOne item, failing to block and substitute the AbilityOne product at the order entry point, failing to carry all prescribed AbilityOne products, or excessive pricing of AbilityOne products on a contract or schedule. (U.S. AbilityOne Commission Policy 51.540)


Bid Abstract

Base Date

The month and year the NPA and the Contracting Activity reach agreement on the initial or subsequent base price, as approved by the Commission.

Base Price

The initial Fair Market Price for the product or service in the base year of a contract with multiple follow-on option years. (U.S. AbilityOne Commission Policy 51.600)

Base Year

Each time the U.S. AbilityOne Commission makes a Fair Market Price determination for a project, a base price is established. Normally, contracts are awarded with a base price/base year and four (4) follow-on years.


People with disabilities served by the AbilityOne Program (also called consumers).

The domains contain data that has been migrated from legacy systems. The domains support two distinct types of federal awards: acquisition and federal assistance.
• Acquisition awards are contracts awarded under the Federal Acquisition Regulation (FAR).
• Federal assistance awards are grant, cooperative, loan, insurance, service, and other agreements covered by the Code of Federal Regulations, specifically 2 CFR 200.

Bilateral Agreement

An agreement where both parties to a contract (or change) must agree on the terms.


Refers to an individual or class of individuals whose central visual acuity does not exceed 20/200 in the better eye with correcting lenses or whose visual acuity, if better than 20/200, is accompanied by a limit to the field of vision in the better eye to such a degree that its widest diameter subtends an angle of no greater than 20 degrees.


Bottom Line Upfront


Basic Ordering Agreement


Blanket Purchase Agreement. A simplified acquisition (usually via a Schedule) that government agencies use to fill anticipated repetitive needs for supplies or services.


Base Realignment and Closure: Federal legislation that specifies the closing of selected military bases.


Cooperative Agreement

CA (Contracting Activity)

1. Contracting Activity - Any element of an entity of the government that has responsibility for identifying and/or procuring government requirements for products or services. 2. State of California


Commercial Activity/Government Entity Code


Commission on Accreditation of Rehabilitation Facilities: An independent, nonprofit organization focused on advancing the quality of services to meet the needs for the best possible outcomes for recipients of rehabilitation services.


Collective Bargaining Agreement: Written, legally enforceable contract for a specified period (usually one year), between the management of an organization and its employees represented by an independent trade union. It sets down and defines conditions of employment (wages, working hours and conditions, overtime payments, holidays, vacations, benefits, etc.) and procedures for dispute resolution.


Commerce Business Daily


Congressional Budget Office


Consortium for Citizens with Disabilities


Central repository of all companies and agencies currently performing or seeking to perform business with the federal government.


Contract Discrepancy Report


Contractor Furnished Materials


Code of Federal Regulations: The codification of the general and permanent rules and regulations published in the Federal Register by the executive departments and agencies of the federal government of the United States. The CFR is divided into 50 titles that represent broad areas subject to federal regulation.


Competition in Contracting Act


Commercial Item Description


Cleaning Industry Management Standard — Green Building certification


Contract Line Item Number - specific line in contract pricing schedule identifying separate price or funding for contract requirements.


Central Nonprofit Agency: There are two Central Nonprofit Agencies designated by the U.S. AbilityOne Commission. National Industries for the Blind (NIB) represents nonprofit agencies for the blind, and SourceAmerica (formerly NISH) represents nonprofit agencies employing persons with other severe disabilities.


AbilityOne Program funding fee that is the primary source of funding for CNAs (NIB and SourceAmerica).


Contracting Officer (civilian agencies)


Certificate of Competency/Certificate of Compliance


Certificate of Conformance


Contractor Owned-Contractor Operated


Certificate of Destruction

Commensurate Wages

Wages based on the worker's individual productivity, no matter how limited, in proportion to the wage and quantity of work performed in the same job in the geographic area from which the labor force of the community is drawn.

Commensurate Wage— Products

• The Walsh-Healey Public Contracts Act (PCA), as amended, establishes minimum wage, maximum hours, and safety and health standards for work on contracts in excess of $15,000 for the manufacturing or furnishing of materials, supplies, articles, or equipment to the U.S. government or the District of Columbia. All provisions of the PCA are administered by the Wage and Hour Division except the safety and health requirements, which are administered by the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA).
• Covered workers must be paid not less than the Fair Labor Standards Act (FLSA) federal minimum wage and overtime pay of at least one and one-half times the worker's regular rate of pay for all hours worked in excess of 40 in a workweek.
• Federal Contractors with Fair Labor Standards Act 14c Certificates can pay sub-minimum wage if they hold a current certificate and meet all requirements of 29  CFR Part 525 Section 14c of the Fair Labor Standards Act.
• The contractor must display copies of the Service Contract Act/Walsh-Healey  Public Contracts Act Poster during the period that covered work is being performed on the contract.

Commensurate Wage— Services

• For Service Contract Act (SCA) covered work, the range for the commensurate wage is typically the minimum established by Executive Order (the floor) and the prevailing wage for that position listed in the Wage Determination Rate for the county where the work is performed. SCA covered work is compensated well in excess of the current federal minimum wage. In some cases, the NPA must also consider the applicability of Collective Bargaining Agreement wages and Davis- Bacon regulations. SourceAmerica suggests members confer with their local, or federal Department of Labor representatives to address any questions regarding compliance.
• The McNamara-O'Hara Service Contract Act requires contractors and subcontractors performing services on prime contracts in excess of $2,500 to pay service employees in various classes no less than the wage rates and fringe benefits found prevailing in the locality, or the rates (including prospective increases) contained in a predecessor contractor's collective bargaining agreement. The Department of Labor issues wage determinations on a contract-by-contract basis in response to specific requests from contracting agencies. These determinations are incorporated into the contract.
• For contracts equal to or less than $2,500, contractors are required to pay the federal minimum wage as provided in Section 6(a)(1) of the Fair Labor Standards Act.
• For prime contracts in excess of $100,000, contractors and subcontractors must also, under the provisions of the Contract Work Hours and Safety Standards Act, as amended, pay laborers and mechanics, including guards and watchmen, at least one and one-half times their regular rate of pay for all hours worked over 40 in a workweek. The overtime provisions of the Fair Labor Standards Act may also apply to SCA-covered contracts.
• Federal Contractors with Fair Labor Standards Act 14c Certificates can pay sub- minimum wage if they hold a current certificate and meet all requirements of 29 CFR Part 525 Section 14c of the Fair Labor Standards Act however, the commensurate wages cannot be lower than the current Executive Order 13658— Establishing a Minimum Wage for Federal Contract Workers rate.

Commercial Item

As defined in FAR 2.101, "commercial item" means: (1) Any item, other than real property, that is of a type customarily used by the general public or by non- governmental entities for purposes other than governmental purposes, and (i) Has been sold, leased or licensed to the general public; or (ii) Has been offered for sale, lease or license to the general public.

Competitive Employment

Competitive employment is work that is performed on either a full- or part-time basis in which individuals are compensated for their work. The compensation paid must be at or above the set minimum wage, but not less than the wages paid to individuals who are not disabled and performing work that is the same or similar.

Competitive Integrated Employment

Work that—
(i) Is performed on a full-time or part-time basis (including self-employment) and for which an individual is compensated at a rate that—
(A) Is not less than the higher of the rate specified in section 6(a)(1) of the Fair Labor Standards Act of 1938 (29 U.S.C. 206(a)(1)) or the rate required under the applicable State or local minimum wage law for the place of employment;
(B) Is not less than the customary rate paid by the employer for the same or similar work performed by other employees who are not individuals with disabilities and who are similarly situated in similar occupations by the same employer and who have similar training, experience, and skills; and
(C) In the case of an individual who is self-employed, yields an income that is comparable to the income received by other individuals who are not individuals with disabilities and who are self-employed in similar occupations or on similar tasks and who have similar training, experience, and skills; and
(D) Is eligible for the level of benefits provided to other employees; and
(ii) Is at a location—
(A) Typically found in the community; and
(B) Where the employee with a disability interacts for the purpose of performing the duties of the position with other employees within the particular work unit and the entire work site, and, as appropriate to the work performed, other persons (e.g., customers and vendors), who are not individuals with disabilities (not including supervisory personnel or individuals who are providing services to such employee) to the same extent that employees who are not individuals with disabilities and who are in comparable positions interact with these persons; and
(iii) Presents, as appropriate, opportunities for advancement that are similar to those for other employees who are not individuals with disabilities and who have similar positions. (Authority: Sections 7(5) and 12(c) of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973, as amended; 29
U.S.C. 705(5) and 709(c)).

Conflict of Interest

A real or apparent inconsistency between one's personal interest in a matter and one's official, positional responsibility to carry out duties with impartiality. (U.S. AbilityOne Commission Policy 51.301)

Contract Consolidation

Multiple contracts in multiple locations or different services are combined into one contract; formerly called "bundling".

Contracting Activity (CA)

Any element of an entity of the Government that has responsibility for identifying and/or procuring Government requirements for commodities or services. Components of a contracting activity, such as a contracting office and an ordering office, are incorporated in this definition, which includes all offices within the definitions of "Contracting Activity," "Contracting Office," and "Contract Administration Office contained in the Federal Acquisition Regulation, 48 CFR 2.101. (48 CFR 2.101)

Contracting Out (See A-76)

Government initiative to contract out services, rather than performing the tasks in-house by government employees.

Contractor Code of Business Ethics and Conduct

Requires a contractor must have a written code of business ethics and conduct in place within thirty days of the award of any contract exceeding $5 million.

Cooperative Agreement (CA)

Agreement entered into by and between the Committee for Purchase From People Who Are Blind or Severely Disabled, operating as the U.S. AbilityOne Commission "Commission"and authorized Central Nonprofit Agencies for the purpose of establishing the governing relationship and roles and responsibilities of each party in its respective role within the AbilityOne Program.


Contracting Officer's Representative


Contracting Office Technical Representative


Cost Reimbursable Contract (sometimes called a cost-plus contract) is one in which the contractor is reimbursed the actual costs they incur in carrying out the work, plus an additional fee.


Community Rehabilitation Program: Terminology used in the Rehabilitation Act. CRPs are organizations that perform services or produce products with Contracting Activities that require a specific product or service. Term currently preferred is NPA.


Congressional Research Service


Commissary Shelf Stocking


Calendar Year


Dun and Bradstreet: Reporting services provide commercial data, analytics, and insights for businesses. SourceAmerica uses their services to obtain details about current contractors to help determine impact and an overview of the company.


Determinations and Findings: A special form of written approval by the U.S. AbilityOne Commission for Procurement List actions that is required by the statute or regulations.


Davis-Bacon Act: A United States federal law that establishes the requirement for paying the local prevailing wages on public works projects for laborers and mechanics.


Doing Business As


Defense Contract Audit Agency


Direct Delivery Shipment


Defense Commissary Agency

Deleted Agency

An NPA that has not been authorized to provide a product or service on the Procurement List in more than one year, or a verified agency that has not received a project in a year since verification.


Defense Electronics Supply Center (part of Defense Logistics Agency)


The official determination by the Commission that one or more NPAs will deliver a product or service that is on or added to the Procurement List. Designation occurs after the Commission determines a proposed product or service is suitable to be added to the Procurement List and the Commission independently decides that the NPA(s) are qualified and capable to deliver the product or service. The designation is announced in the Federal Register Notice of addition to the Procurement List. Designation may also be changed by administrative action subsequent to Procurement List addition. A notice of change to the Procurement List is issued to show the designated NPA(s). Note: A designated NPA is not the same as a participating NPA. (U.S. AbilityOne Commission Policy 51.301)


Defense Finance and Accounting Service


Disabled Full Time Equivalents

Direct Employment

Placement that occurs when a nonprofit agency places an individual with a significant disability who has never performed direct labor at the NPA into a supported or competitive employment job. (U.S. AbilityOne Commission Policy 51.401)

Direct Labor

Includes all work required for preparation, processing, and packing of a product, or work directly relating to the performance of a service; but does not include supervision, administration, inspection, or shipping.


Defense Industrial Supply Center (part of Defense Logistics Agency)


Defense Logistics Agency

DLA Troop Support (new name for DSCP)

Defense Supply Center Philadelphia (part of DLA)

DLA Troop Support (new name for DSCP)

Defense Supply Center Philadelphia (part of Defense Logistics Agency)


Direct Order Authorization


Direct Order Authorization Amendment


Director of Contracting


Department of Defense


Department of Energy


Department of Education


Department of Justice


Department of Labor: A cabinet-level department of the U.S. federal government responsible for occupational safety, wage and hour standards, unemployment insurance benefits, reemployment services, and some economic statistics.


Defense Reutilization and Marketing Service (part of Defense Logistics Agency)

Drug Free Workplace Policy

Applies to all federal grantees (regardless of the amount of the grant) and most prime contracts more than $100,000. Coverage is on a contract by contract basis—not on an enterprise basis—so not all employees may be covered. Subcontractors on a covered contract are not subject to the provisions. Contracts paid from non-appropriated funds are not subject to this program. Covered employers must create both a drug free workplace policy and program and advise covered employees of both. Covered employees must notify employer within 5 calendar days of any drug conviction; employers then have 10 calendar days to advise contracting agency of the conviction.


Defense Supply Center Philadelphia (part of Defense Logistics Agency)


Department of Veterans Affairs: A federal Cabinet-level agency that provides near- comprehensive healthcare services to eligible military veterans at VA medical centers and outpatient clinics located throughout the country; several non-healthcare benefits including disability compensation, vocational rehabilitation, education assistance, home loans, and life insurance; and provides burial and memorial benefits to eligible veterans and family members at 135 national cemeteries.


Electronic Commerce


Electronic Data Exchange


Estimated Direct Labor Hours: A projection made by an NPA regarding the number of hours to be performed by individuals living with a disability.

Education and the Workforce Committee

One of two U.S. House of Representatives committees with jurisdiction over the JWOD Act.

EEO-1 Form

Applies to a prime or first-tier subcontract of $50,000 or more. This is not a cumulative amount; at least one of the employer's contracts or subcontracts must be at least $50,000. The survey EEO-1 form requires NPA employment data to be categorized by race/ethnicity, gender and job category. Electronic or mail submission of form by September 30th annually.


Equal Employment Opportunities Commission: A federal agency that administers and enforces civil rights laws against workplace discrimination.


Executive Order: A means of issuing federal directives in the United States, used by the president of the United States, that manages operations of the federal government.


Economic Order Quantity


Environmental Protection Agency


Federal Aviation Administration

Fair Market Price (FMP)

The price the Commission determines for products and services on the Procurement List.


Federal Acquisition Regulation: The body of regulations that are the primary sources of authority governing the federal government procurement process.


Federal Acquisition Streamlining Act of 1994


Food and Drug Administration


Federal Specification


Fair Labor Standards Act: A United States labor law that creates the right to a minimum wage, and "time-and-a-half" overtime pay when people work over forty hours a week. It also prohibits employment of minors in "oppressive child labor"


Fair Market Price


Freight on Board

FOB Destination

Seller retains the risk of loss until the goods reach the buyer.

FOB Origin

Purchaser pays shipping cost from factory or warehouse and gains ownership of goods as soon as it leaves its point of origin.


Freedom of Information Act


Follow-On Year


Federal Prison Industries


Federal Register: A daily publication of general and permanent, proposed rules legislation, and notices of federal government agencies and organizations.


Federal Supply Schedule or GSA Federal Supply Service


Full-time Equivalent


Fiscal Year: October 1 through September 30 for the federal government.


Government Accountability Office


Government Bill of Lading


General Council of Industries for the Blind


Government Furnished Equipment


Government Furnished Materials


Goodwill Industries International


Government Owned-Contractor Operated

Government Reform

One of two U.S. House of Representatives committees with jurisdiction over the JWOD Act.


Government Printing Office


Green Cleaning Program: Federal environmental initiative that encourages organizations to integrate health and environmental considerations in business decisions and practices.


General Services Administration

GSA Advantage

GSA Online Shopping System

HELP Committee

Senate Health, Education, Labor, and Pensions Committee that has jurisdiction over the JWOD Act.


Healthcare Environmental Services


Department of Health and Human Services

Hiring Benchmark for

Annual VEVRAA Benchmark: Applies to federal contractors and subcontractors who perform at least $100,000 in federal work in one year. Note that the $100,000 amount applies to the aggregate value of all federal work performed in a year, not the value of a single contract or subcontract. Effective March 24, 2014, covered employers must establish an "annual hiring benchmark" for veterans.


Department of Housing and Urban Development


Employment Eligibility Verification: All employers are subject to the provisions of the I-9; it does not depend on government contract status. Form is to be completed for all new hires after November 6, 1986.


International Association of Jewish Vocational Services


Individuals with Disabilities Act


Indefinite Delivery/Indefinite Quantity


Invitation for Bids


SourceAmerica's Integrated Marketing Plan


Impact on current or most recent contractor is one of the suitability criteria used by the Commission to determine if a requirement is suitable for addition to the Procurement List. The Commission will not find a project as suitable whose addition would have a significant, adverse impact on the current contractor.

Impact (SEI)

Severe Economic Impact - An analysis is conducted when considering placing a service or product on the Procurement List that the current or most recent competitive contractor is not adversely impacted.


When a pricing issue, controversy, or disagreement occurs, and the Contracting Activity or the Nonprofit Agency is unable to reach a recommended fair market price or is unable to proceed with negotiation of a contract price. (U.S. AbilityOne Commission Policy 51.600)

Indirect Labor

Any labor hours not falling in the category of Direct Labor.


International Organization for Standardization


International Sanitary Supply Association


Information Technology


AbilityOne Program Information Database for the U.S. AbilityOne Commission.


Javits-Wagner-O'Day (JWOD) Act established an employment program designed to provide job opportunities for people who are blind or who have other significant disabilities. These jobs involve the sale of goods or services to the federal government. 41 U.S.C. § 46 et seq.

JWOD Program®

(See AbilityOne® Program)


Contracting Officer (Department of Defense activities)


Line of Business


Labor Surplus Area


Manufacturing and Design

Medical Documentation

Disability documentation from a licensed medical or mental health professional capable of making that evaluation. This documentation must specify the nature and extent of the condition or combination of conditions that have resulted in the determination that he/she is significantly disabled. OR certification of the disability or disabilities by a state or local governmental entity. The certification must indicate who the issuing entity is, be signed, and list the disability or disabilities.




Military Standard


Modification of Contract


Modular Arrangements of Predetermined Time Standard


Memorandum of Understanding


Military Resale


Material Safety Data Sheet


National Association for Information Destruction


Navy Facilities Engineering Command


Naval Supply Systems Command


National Council of SourceAmerica Employers


National Council of Work Centers


Non-Disclosure Agreement


National Easter Seals Society


Navy Exchange Command


National Federation of the Blind


National Industries for the Blind


SourceAmerica's name from 1974 - 2013


National Labor Relations Board (part of Department of Labor)


No Later Than


National Nonprofit Agency; the six (6) organizations that founded SourceAmerica.


National Organization on Disability

Nonprofit Agency (NPA)

NPA is an alternate term for CRP (Community Rehabilitation Program). The U.S. AbilityOne Program requires that NPAs be an agency organized under the laws of the United States or of any State, operated in the interest of the blind or persons with other severe disabilities, the net income of which does not incur in whole or in part to the benefit of any shareholder or other individual, and designated by the Committee to facilitate the distribution (by direct allocation, subcontract, or any other means) of orders of the Government for commodities and services on the Procurement List among nonprofit agencies employing persons who are blind or have other severe disabilities, to provide information required by the Committee to implement the Javits-Wagner-O'Day Program, and to otherwise assist the Committee in administering these regulations as set forth herein by the Committee. (41 CFR 51.1-3) Affiliated—A nonprofit that has applied and been accepted as a SourceAmerica affiliate; these NPAs do not have AbilityOne contracts. Producing—A nonprofit that has an AbilityOne contract(s) set aside on the Procurement List.

North American Industrial Classification System (NAICS)

NAICS (pronounced "Nakes") is the standard used by federal statistical agencies in classifying business establishments for the purpose of collecting, analyzing, and publishing statistical data related to the U.S. business economy.


Notice of Proposal to Regulate


National Rehabilitation Facilities Coalition


National Stock Number


Operations and Maintenance


Overcome By Events


Operations Directive


Office of Federal Contract Compliance Programs


Office of Federal Procurement Policy: Part of the U.S. Department of Labor, the OFCCP is responsible for ensuring that employers doing business with the federal government comply with the laws and regulations requiring nondiscrimination.


Office of Inspector General


Office of Management and Budget


Office of Personnel Management

Opportunity Notice (ON)

Opportunity Notice as referenced in the NPA Recommendation Process


SourceAmerica Operations division


Occupational Safety and Health Administration: An agency of the United States Department of Labor, tasked with protecting employee working conditions by setting and enforcing standards and providing training.


Procurement Agency


Relationship between two entities: 1) NPA and SourceAmerica or NIB and 2) the government customer (Contracting Agency) that promotes the goal of the AbilityOne Program.


Public Buildings Service (GSA)


People who are blind or severely disabled


Price Change Exception Request


Procuring Contracting Officer


Purchase Exception: A Central Nonprofit Agency will normally grant a purchase exception for a contracting activity to procure from commercial sources commodities or services on the Procurement List when both of the following conditions are met:
• (1) The Central Nonprofit Agency or its nonprofit agency(ies) cannot furnish a commodity or service within the period specified, and
• (2) The commodity or service is available from commercial sources in the quantities needed and significantly sooner than it will be available from the nonprofit agency(ies).


Program Executive Office

Performance-Based Service Contracting (PBSC)

Performance-Based Service Contracting: A government model for developing services contracts which emphasizes that all aspects of an acquisition be structured around the purpose of the work to be performed to meet the government's performance objectives and achieve the appropriate performance quality levels.


Personal Time, Fatigue, and Delay


Plant Facility Inspection


Producer Price Index


Procurement List: A list of commodities (including military resale commodities) and services the Commission has determined suitable to be furnished to the government by nonprofit agencies for the blind or nonprofit agencies employing persons with significant disabilities pursuant to the JWOD Act and associated regulations.


Procurement List Information Management System: The information management system used by the Commission to collect electronic submissions from the Central Nonprofit Agencies for proposed additions, deletions, and changes to the Procurement List, including prices. (U.S. AbilityOne Commission Policy 51.600)


Program Management / Project Manager


Project or Program Management Office


Purchase Order


Point of Contact


Product Price Change


Personal Protective Equipment


Producer Price Index


Packaging, Pricing, and Marketing


Pricing Memoranda


JWOD Act Pricing Memorandum #2 (PR-2) is the Pricing Memorandum that describes the current rules (as defined by the U.S. AbilityOne Commission) for pricing PRODUCTS contracts.


JWOD Act Pricing Memorandum #3 (PR-3) is the Pricing Memorandum that describes the current rules (as defined by the U.S. AbilityOne Commission) for pricing SERVICE contracts. PR-3 allows for more negotiation and a more flexible escalation rate schedule for follow-on years.


JWOD Act Pricing Memorandum #6 (PR-6) is the old Pricing Memorandum now replaced by PR-3.


Pre-production Sample

Prevailing Wage

A wage rate that is paid to an experienced worker who is not "disabled for the work performed."

Primary Business Partner

NPAs involved in the AbilityOne Program with SourceAmerica.

Productivity Studies / Time Studies

The industrial work measurement methods used by the employer to establish standard production rates of workers "not disabled for the work performed."


Performance Work Statement: The PWS identifies technical, functional, and performance characteristics. It describes the outcome as opposed to describing how a function is to be performed. The PWS is more commonly used for services contracts.


Quality Assurance


Quality Assurance Evaluator or Evaluation


Quality Assurance Plan


Quality Assurance Representative


Quality Assurance Specialist


Quality Assurance Surveillance Plan


Quality Control


Quality Control Plan


Quality Deficiency Notice


Quality Deficiency Report


Quarterly Employment Report: The QER was developed by SourceAmerica to facilitate the collection of data from NPAs that participate in the AbilityOne Program. This report is submitted quarterly via a web-based application that is available to NPAs that have AbilityOne contracts. The QER helps SourceAmerica monitor the disabled direct labor ratios of AbilityOne participating NPAs throughout the year. Additionally, it enables the SourceAmerica Regulatory, Oversight and Monitoring team to provide technical assistance when necessary and to ensure each NPA maintains the required agency-wide direct labor ratio of 75%. A Quarterly Employment Report User's Guide is available on the Extranet (login required).


Quality Inspection Specialist

Qualified Nonprofit Agency

An agency organized under the laws of the United States or any State, operated in the interests of persons with severe disabilities who are not blind, and the net income of which does not inure in whole or in part to the benefit of any shareholder or other individual; which complies with applicable occupational health and safety standards prescribed by the Secretary of Labor; and which in furnishing commodities and services (whether or not the commodities or services are procured under these regulations) during the fiscal year, employs persons with severe disabilities (including blind) for not less than 75 percent of the work hours of direct labor required to furnish
such commodities or services. (41 CFR 51-1.3)


Quality Work Environment: A workplace that identifies and adopts best practices intended to fulfill the Commission's guiding principles for AbilityOne Program employers:
(1) Opportunities to do the work of their choice with appropriate supports and/or workplace flexibilities, alongside non-disabled employees where all workers receive competitive wages and benefits, either with their current employer or other community-based businesses;
(2) Ongoing training opportunities that make employment with other community- based businesses possible, by teaching job skills and social skills, as well as promoting the worker's leadership and management potential; and
(3) A clear path to career advancement opportunities, which details what opportunities are available and the steps the worker must accomplish to achieve promotion in a reasonable time period. (U.S. AbilityOne Commission Policy 51.100)


Research and Development

Randolph-Sheppard Act (RS)

Randolph-Sheppard Act: The federal legislation enacted to provide persons who are blind with remunerative employment, to enlarge their economic opportunities, and to enable persons who are blind to be self-supporting.

Ratio (75/25%)

75% of the direct labor hours must be performed by individuals who are blind or who have significant disabilities; to 25% of direct labor hours performed by person who are not blind or non-disabled.


Request for Equitable Adjustment


Response from government contractor on a quality deficiency notice.

Regs / Regulations

Rules that explain the intent of a law (like the Rehabilitation Act).

Rehabilitation Act

The federal legislation that authorizes the formula grant programs of vocational rehabilitation, supported employment, independent living, and client assistance; as well as, a variety of training and service discretionary grants administered by the Rehabilitation Services Administration. The Act also includes a variety of provisions focused on rights, advocacy, and protections for individuals with disabilities.

Related Corporation

A corporation that is related to another corporation by owning shares, common ownership significantly overlapping board members or management or other means of control. Some NPAs are closely related to other corporations. The nonprofit agency may be one of several subsidiaries of a common parent corporation, or the parent or subsidiary of another corporation or may otherwise be related to one or more corporations that are either nonprofit or for-profit. (U.S. AbilityOne Commission Policy 51.402)


Request for Information


Request for Proposal


Request for Quotation


Request for Impact Determination


SourceAmerica Regional Office


Regulatory, Oversight, and Monitoring supports SourceAmerica's mission and role as a CNA by education, assisting, monitoring, and reporting NPAs compliance with the applicable laws and regulations of the AbilityOne Program.


Rehabilitation Services Administration: A division of the Department of Education that administers many disability programs; including the Rehabilitation Services Act.


Small and Disadvantaged Business Utilization


Small and Disadvantaged Business Utilization Specialist


Standard Allowable Hours


Standard Allowable Minutes

Sarbanes-Oxley Act (Sarbanes- Oxley)

The Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002 is designed to oversee the financial reporting landscape for finance professionals for all U.S. public company boards, management, and public accounting firms. Its purpose is to review legislative audit requirements and to protect investors by improving the accuracy and reliability of corporate disclosures. The act covers issues such as establishing a public company accounting oversight board, auditor independence, corporate responsibility, and enhanced financial disclosure. It also significantly tightens accountability standards for directors and officers, auditors, securities analysts and legal counsel. The law is named after Senator Paul Sarbanes and Representative Michael G. Oxley.


Small Business


Small Business Administration


Small Business Set-Aside


Service Contract Act: The McNamara-O'Hara Service Contract Act requires contractors and subcontractors performing services on prime contracts in excess of $2,500 to pay service employees in various classes no less than the wage rates and fringe benefits found prevailing in the locality, or the rates (including prospective increases) contained in a predecessor contractor's collective bargaining agreement.


Small Disadvantaged Business


Supply Distribution Facility

Section 14(c)

Section 14(c) of the Fair Labor Standards Act. Allows for the payment of wages based on level of productivity for certain specified groups of individuals.

Section 504

Section 504 is a part of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973 that prohibits discrimination based upon disability. Section 504 is an anti-discrimination, civil rights statute that requires the needs of students with disabilities to be met as adequately as the needs of the non-disabled are met.

Section 508

Section 508 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973, as amended applies to all federal agencies when they develop, procure, maintain, or use electronic and information technology. Under Section 508, agencies must give disabled employees and members of the public access to information comparable to the access available to others.


A SourceAmerica electronic, web-based application for costing service contracts.

Severe Disability

"A severe physical or mental impairment (residual limiting condition resulting from an injury, disease, or congenital defect) which so limits the person's functional capabilities (mobility, communication, self-care, self-direction, work tolerance, or work skills) that the individual is unable to engage in normal competitive employment over an extended period of time." Code of Federal Regulations, Section 51-1.3. The term "significant disability" was adopted by SourceAmerica in August 2010. In correspondence and policy, the term "significant disability" is synonymous with the term "severe disability" as defined in 41 U.S.C. 8501 and the applicable regulations.


Standard Form


Trade name for NIB AbilityOne products


Standard Operating Procedure


Statement of Work: A document that enables offeror's to clearly understand the government's needs for the work to be done in developing or producing the goods or services to be delivered by a contractor; also see PWS.


Standard Price Change



Special Minimum Wage

Federally mandated wage authorized under a certificate issued to an employer and is less than the statutory minimum wage.

Specification-Based Products Contracting (SBPC)

Specification-Based Products Contracting is the same as PBSC (performance-based services contracting), but for products. A government model for developing products contracts which emphasizes that all aspects of an acquisition be structured around the purpose of the work to be performed to meet the government's performance objectives and achieve the appropriate performance quality levels.


Service Pricing Form


Social Security Administration


Social Security Disability Income


Supplemental Security Insurance


Refers to all groups that are or might be affected by an organization's actions and success. Examples of key AbilityOne stakeholders include: federal customers, AbilityOne employees, NPA partners, the U.S. AbilityOne Commission, and the CNAs (NIB and SourceAmerica).


State-level procurement programs similar to AbilityOne.


Any acquisition from another source of materials, including raw materials, or services required by the nonprofit agency(ies) to provide a Procurement List product or service allocated under the AbilityOne Program. (41 CFR 51-4.4) Subcontracting under the AbilityOne Program is subject to U.S. AbilityOne Commission Operations Memorandum Number 21.

Supported Employment

(i) Supported employment means competitive integrated employment, including customized employment, or employment in an integrated work setting in which an individual with a most significant disability, including a youth with a most significant disability, is working on a short-term basis toward competitive integrated employment that is individualized, and customized, consistent with the unique strengths, abilities, interests, and informed choice of the individual, including with ongoing support services for individuals with the most significant disabilities.
(A) For whom competitive integrated employment has not historically occurred, or for whom competitive integrated employment has been interrupted or intermittent as a result of a significant disability; and
(B) Who, because of the nature and severity of their disabilities, need intensive supported employment services and extended services after the transition from support provided by the designated State unit, in order to perform this work. (Workforce Innovation and Opportunity Act (WIOA, 2014) Section 7(38) of the Act and §363.1(b) of the regulations.

Supported Employment Services

Supported employment services means ongoing support services, including customized employment, and other appropriate services needed to support and maintain an individual with a most significant disability, including a youth with a most significant disability, in supported employment that are:
(iii) Organized and made available, singly or in combination, in such a way as to assist an eligible individual to achieve competitive integrated employment;
(iv) Based on a determination of the needs of an eligible individual, as specified in an individualized plan for employment;
(v) Provided by the designated State unit for a period of time not to exceed 24 months, unless under special circumstances the eligible individual and the rehabilitation counselor jointly agree to extend the time to achieve the employment outcome identified in the individualized plan for employment; and
(vi) Following transition, as post-employment services that are unavailable from an extended services provider and that are necessary to maintain or regain the job placement or advance in employment. (Workforce Innovation and Opportunity Act (WIOA, 2014) Section 7(38) of the Act and §363.1(b) of the regulations.


State Use Programs Association, Inc.: Association that represents NPAs involved in the State-Use Program.

Surge Protection

Exemption from meeting the AbilityOne Program's 75 percent direct labor requirement in order to meet a contractual surge requirement. (U.S. AbilityOne Commission Policy 51.401-02)

Surge Requirement

Notification of the necessity to meet rapidly changing military or civilian delivery requirements above those stated in the contract. (U.S. AbilityOne Commission Policy 51.401-02)


Time and Materials


Technical Assistance: Refers to a myriad of approaches utilized to provide education, impart skills, and target supportive services to members of the SourceAmerica Member Network.


Total Facilities Management

The Arc

Formerly the Association of Retarded Citizens

The Committee for Purchase From People Who Are Blind or Severely Disabled
(Committee for Purchase)

The Committee for Purchase From People Who Are Blind or Severely Disabled was established as an independent federal agency by the Javits-Wagner-O'Day (JWOD) amendments of 1971. The function of the Committee was to provide employment opportunities for people who were blind or severely disabled. In 2006 JWOD was re- named AbilityOne. The AbilityOne Program uses the purchasing power of the federal government to buy products and services from participating, community-based nonprofit agencies nationwide dedicated to training and employing people who are blind or have disabilities.

Ticket to Work and Work Incentives Improvement Act of 1999 (TWWIIA)

Federal legislation that established a program to allow people with disabilities to select their own support services while maintaining health benefits when they enter the workforce.


Truth in Negotiation Act


Truth, Responsibility, Accounting in Contracting Act

Training Incentive Program (TIP)

The Training Incentive Program is available to SourceAmerica AbilityOne-producing NPAs who have complied with the Employee Research System (ERS). The program helps NPAs defray travel costs to attend SourceAmerica instructor-led training.

U.S. AbilityOne Commission®

The Commission's legal name remains the Committee for Purchase From People Who Are Blind or Severely Disabled. However, since October 1, 2011, the Committee has been operating as the U.S. AbilityOne Commission®.


United Cerebral Palsy Association


Trade name of Federal Prison Industries products.

Unilateral Agreement

A contract modification that is signed only by the Contracting Officer and does not require agreement by the Contractor.


U.S. Code


U.S. Department of Agriculture


United States Postal Service

Verified Agency

An NPA whose articles of incorporation and by-laws have been reviewed by the Commission and found to meet the requirements for qualification to participate in the AbilityOne Program as per 41 CFR 51-4.1, but the agency has not yet been approved on the Procurement List to provide a product or service. (U.S. AbilityOne Commission Policy 51.402)


A person who served in the active military, naval, or air service, and who was discharged or released therefrom under conditions other than dishonorable. (38 U.S.C. 101)

VETS Report 4212

The VETS-4212 Report is to be completed by all nonexempt federal contractors and subcontractors with a contract or subcontract in the amount of $150,000 or more with any department or agency of the United States. This threshold is applied to each contract held.


SourceAmerica training voucher; part of the Training Incentive Voucher Program.


Vocational Rehabilitation


Wide Area Workflow - payment system for electronic payments to/from the federal government.


Wage Determination/Department of Labor Wage Determination: Establishes the prevailing wages and fringe benefits that prime contractors and subcontractors must pay service employees working on covered contracts in specified geographic areas.


Wage Determination Rate: The established amount of compensation and fringe benefits due to an employee working on a covered service contract based upon the prevailing wage rate of a given geographic location.


Workforce Development

WHD (Wage & Hour) Division

Department of Labor, Wage, and Hour Division: The WHD mission is to promote and achieve compliance with labor standards to protect and enhance the welfare of the nation's workforce.


Workforce Investment Act

Work Measurement

The process of determining the amount of time it takes a worker who does not have a disability to perform an operation or an element of an operation using a prescribed method. This amount of time becomes the "standard" against which the productivity of the worker with a disability is compared to determine the commensurate wage.

Workforce Utilization
Goal for Workers with Disabilities

Contractors or subcontractors with a contract of $10,000 or more are subject to this provision. Covered contractors must establish a 7% "workforce utilization goal" for employing individuals with disabilities within each job group. The regulations do, however, allow contractors with fewer than 100 employees to apply the 7% goal to the entire workforce.